Forms of Political System in Indonesia


Indonesia

Indonesia forms of political system in accordance with the 1945!

August 17, 1945 – December 27, 1949

Forms of state: Unitary
Form of government: Republic
System of government: Presidential, Nov ’45, outgoing Government edict. X, a parliamentary (There is a PM)
Use of the Constitution ’45 (16 Chapter 37 Article)
Maintaining independence
Armed struggle / diplomacy
KMB agreement in The Hague Netherlands December 27 ’49 recognition of the independence gained in the form of RIS

December 27, 1949 – August 17, 1950

Form of the state: states (Indonesia 16 states)
Form of government: Republic
System of government: Parliamentary democracy
Use of the Constitution RIS ’50 (6 chapters chapter 197).
The legislative body is in the form of Senate and House of Representatives
The seeds of liberalism began to emerge
Back to the popular demand for a form of unity (Reached Date August 17, 1950)
Began to appear a variety of security threats

August 17, 1950 – July 5, 1959

Forms of state: Unitary
Form of government: Republic
System of government: Parliamentary, the application of western-style liberal democracy
The first General elections are planned in the cabinet of Ali – Wongso and implemented the cabinet Burhanudin Harahap. carried out 2 times: 29 Sept ’55 (legislative), December 15 ’55 (constituent)
Widespread separatism
Political opposition to the widespread influence of the government
Constituent failed
issued a presidential decree
The use of “The ’50 Constitution” (Article 4 Section 146)

5 July 1959 -11 March 1966

Forms of state: Unitary
Form of government: Republic
System of government: Parliamentary used
’45 Constitution
Guided Democracy period known as the Old Order
Known as the golden age and the Fall of Sukarno
The height of the conduct of abuses against the Constitution ’45
Period tends to Indonesia and East Bloc against the Western
Communism reached the top of developments in Indonesia
Indonesia out of the United Nations, Confrontation Indonesia – Malaysia, the problem of West Irian
PKI rebellion

March 11, 1966 – May 21, 1998

During the New Order, Implementing Pancasila and the Constitution of ’45 a genuine and consistent
Deprivation of democratic life, rampant corruption, authoritarian
May 21, 1998 which marked the end of the fall of Suharto’s New Order period in Indonesia

May 21, 1998 – July 23, 2001

Order reforms, reforms in all spheres of life
Democracy and human rights upheld.
Parliament strengthened its position, unstable political conditions, position of president of parliament rocked many
Gus Dur period issued Presidential Decree with the contents:
Disband Golkar
Accelerate the election
Freeze the DPR / MPR
However, the decree failed to even Gus Dur was dropped parliament
East Timor separated from Indonesia

July 21, 2001-present (Nov 2010)

The reform period
Democracy and human rights more enhanced
More stable political conditions, the position of president of the strong, too strong parliamentary
2004 direct elections were held to elect the president and legislators (DPR and DPD).

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Bentuk system politik Indonesia sesuai dengan UUD 1945 !


17 Agustus 1945 – 27 Desember 1949

  • Bentuk negara : Kesatuan
  • Bentuk pemerintahan : Republik
  • Sistem pemerintahan : Presidensial, Nov ’45, keluar maklumat Pemerintah No. X, menjadi parlementer (Ada PM)
  • Penggunaan UUD ’45 (16 Bab 37 Pasal)
  • Mempertahankan kemerdekaan
  • Perjuangan bersenjata/diplomasi
  • Perjanjian KMB di Den Haag Bld 27 Des ’49 pengakuan kemerdekaan diperoleh dalam bentuk RIS

27 Desember 1949 – 17 Agustus 1950

  • Bentuk negara : Serikat (Indonesia 16 negara bagian)
  • Bentuk pemerintahan : Republik
  • Sistem pemerintahan : Demokrasi Parlementer
  • Penggunaan UUD RIS ’50 (6 bab 197 pasal).
  • Lembaga legislatif berupa senat dan DPR
  • Mulai muncul benih liberalisme
  • Tuntutan rakyat untuk Kembali ke bentuk kesatuan (Tercapai tgl 17 Agustus 1950)
  • Mulai muncul berbagai gangguan keamanan

17 Agustus 1950 – 5 juli 1959

  • Bentuk negara : Kesatuan
  • Bentuk pemerintahan : Republik
  • Sistem pemerintahan : Parlementer, penerapan demokrasi Liberal ala barat
  • Pemilu I direncanakan masa Kabinet Ali – Wongso dan dilaksanakan masa kabinet Burhanudin Harahap. dilaksanakan 2 kali : 29 sept ’55 (legislatif), 15 Des ’55 (konstituante)
  • Separatisme meluas
  • Meluasnya pengaruh Parpol beroposisi terhadap pemerintah
  • Konstituante gagal
  • Keluar dekrit presiden
  • Penggunaan UUD S ’50 (4 Bab 146 Pasal)

5 juli 1959 -11 Maret 1966

  • Bentuk negara : Kesatuan
  • Bentuk pemerintahan : Republik
  • Sistem pemerintahan : Parlementer dipakai
  • UUD ’45
  • Masa demokrasi terpimpin dikenal dengan Orde Lama
  • Dikenal sebagai masa keemasan dan Kejatuhan Soekarno
  • Masa puncak penyelewengan terhadap pelaksanan UUD ’45
  • Masa Indonesia cenderung ke Blok Timur dan Anti Barat
  • Komunisme mencapai puncak Perkembangan di Indonesia
  • Indonesia keluar dari PBB, Konfrontasi Indonesia – Malaysia, masalah Irian Barat
  • Pemberontakan PKI

11 Maret 1966 – 21 Mei 1998

  • Masa Orde Baru, Melaksanakan Pancasila dan UUD ’45 secara murni dan konsekuen
  • Pemasungan kehidupan demokrasi, KKN merajalela, otoriter
  • 21 Mei 1998 Soeharto jatuh yang menandai berakhirnya masa Orde Baru di Indonesia

21 Mei 1998 – 23 Juli 2001

  • Orde reformasi , Reformasi di segala bidang kehidupan
  • Demokrasi dan HAM dijunjung tinggi.
  • Parlemen posisinya menguat, kondisi politik belum stabil, Kedudukan presiden banyak digoyang parlemen
  • Masa Gus Dur mengeluarkan Dekrit Presiden dengan isi:
  1. Bubarkan Golkar
  2. Percepat pemilu
  3. Bekukan DPR/MPR
  • Namun dekrit gagal bahkan Gus Dur dijatuhkan parlemen
  • Timor Timur lepas dari Indonesia

21 Juli 2001-Sekarang (Nov 2010)

  • Masa reformasi
  • Penegakan demokrasi dan HAM makin ditingkatkan
  • Kondisi politik lebih stabil, kedudukan presiden kuat, parlemen juga kuat
  • Pemilu langsung 2004 diadakan untuk memilih presiden dan anggota legislatif (DPR dan DPD).

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